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You will find below articles in my series starting with WHAT WENT WRONG WITH………
This time articles printed below are
WHAT WENT WRONG WITH OUR ECONOMY and
WHAT WENT WRONG WITH OUR FOREIGN POLICY
In the future my articles will include:
WHAT WENT WRONG WITH OUR AGRICULTURE
WHAT WENT WRONG WITH OUR BEAUCRACY
WHAT WENT WRONG WITH OUR STOCK EXCHANGES
And the last one will be what went wrong with Musalmans of the world
I need from you some intellectual feed back and guidance pl.
Right at the bottom of this text you will see space where you can post, or enter, your comments. Please be kind enough to use that facility. You views will help me a lot in my future work
WHAT WENT WRONG WITH OUR FOREIGN POLICY
Foreign policy is a kind of interaction between two or more sovereign states. Foreign policy is considered synonymous with International affairs. But it is not. International affairs are global. No single country in the world can dictate international affairs of sovereign nations. But a single country can influence independent countries through diplomatic, military and economic manipulation. Foreign policy of a county is reflection of its domestic affairs which help in the formulation of the external policy. The system of inter-state relations is as old as absolute monarchies. In the medieval Europe, foreign policy was a simple matter. Treachery, deceit and perfidy have now been replaced by modern day diplomacy. External relations were mostly settled either by Royal marriage(s) or through wars. The basic principle (s) of foreign policy of any country (medieval or modern) are consistent. Protection of sovereignty, defense of territorial integrity, promotion of economy, enhancement of military power and maintaining friendly relations with other countries are the major pillars for designing a foreign policy. However, individual characteristics, likes and dislikes of the policy makers can influence the structuring of foreign policy.
Foreign policy of developed countries is made by the sitting political governments who act upon their political agenda already known to the people. But core parameters of foreign relations seldom change unless some radical situation is created on global level such as breakage of USSR, 9/11 for USA, Iran’s Islamic Revolution, death of Egypt’s Nasir and Suekarno of Indonesia.
With a brief introduction to what foreign policy is, let us discuss. Pakistan’s external policy right from its birth . Unfortunately, the founder of Pakistan, Qaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah expired within 14 months of the creation of the new country. Just imagine. A newly born country is deprived of its ONLY leader who must have had thought out the framework of Pakistan’s domestic and foreign policies. Allama Iqbal, the ideologue and the inspirer of a sovereign Muslim state for Indian Muslims had already passed away in 1938. All India Muslim league / (AIML) did not have leaders of vision except the founder of Pakistan. Some leaders of AIML were populist all right but they lacked statesmanship. They were politicians, not statesmen. Let us see what was the international scene when Pakistan was created.
a ) 14th August 1947. The World War II had ended only one and a half year
before. The USA had emerged as the leader of Allies by exploding the BIG BOY (Atom bomb) over Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
b)-The AIML, as a political party, did not have trained cadres who could have implemented its agenda in post independence environments. Except Mr. Jinnah and Liaqat Ali, all the leaders of ML were regional leaders who had no perception of contemporary international happenings such as emergence of America and USSR as super powers and decline of the European allies as colonists. Our leaders, in post – Jinnah period, failed to anticipate and analyze the COLD WAR which had begun with the advent of Republican Government (1951) in the USA.
c) Pakistan was created with peculiar geo-political environments which consisted of two wings. The East Pakistan was a part of East Asia having its cultural and linguistic affiliations with the Indian Bengal. The western wing consisted of a feudal society based on tribal culture and with lowest literacy rate. West Pakistan was and is a part of Middle East. Pakistan became prone to international conspiracies due to its geo – political features. USA and USSR were competing to expand their area(s) of influence in Asia. A country, divided in two wings, and enjoying two entirely different strategical locations, was not digestible to both the super Powers of the day. The tug of war, between USA and USSR, to sever eastern wing of Pakistan, culminated in 1971 into creation of Bangla Desh and ultimately USA emerged as the gainer.
d) Most importantly, the newly born Pakistan did not have trained and experienced career diplomats except Mr. Isphani, Mr. Ikramullah and Mr. Dehlwi. Domestic and foreign policies are made by political governments but their implementation is carried out by experienced career diplomats who understand the delicacy and sensitivies of government’s internal and external obligations.
e) Immediately after partition, deterioration of Indo – Pak relations, created security threat for Pakistan. Naturally defence of Pakistan had to be put on top priority. This meant more expenditure on defence and immediate demand for better weapons which had become America’s monopoly during and after the World War II. A climate of fear and mistrust prevailed among both newly independent countries.
f) Post – War Europe was divided into two blocks because of the division of Germany. Tensions between the two blocks created conflict of interests between 2 super powers. This was not easy for Pakistani politicians of fifties / sixties to understand and balance the situation.
With above background of last century’s history of Pakistan, India, Europe the USSR and the USA, it should be easy for us as to how and why Qaid-e-Azam’s secular Pakistan gradually plunged into a Quasi theocratic state. USSR and its communist allies were branded as atheists and therefore enemies of religion including Islam. America introduced itself to the Muslim world as the protector of all faiths. Our naïve governments were unable to assess the new game plan. Muhammad Ali Bogra, Pakistan’s ambassador in the US in 1953 was inexplicably called back to Pakistan and installed as Prime Minister without having any elected status. He was more loyal to US state Department. He hastily leveled the ground for Pakistan to Join CENTO and SEATO. America immediately dispatched shiploads of Wheat to Pakistan under Public Law 480. “Thank you AMERICA” handbills, flyers and billboards infested all the prominent roads of Karachi.
By that time General Ayub Khan was inducted into the Government as Defence Minister. This step of political Government was the harbinger of 1958 Martial Law. Pakistan’s military had already become indispensable due to perceived or real security threat from India. Need for sophisticated weapons became more imperative. American influence on Pakistan’s economic, defence and foreign policy was by now total. From now onward, Foreign Minister(s) of Pakistan were unable to follow an independent external affairs policy.
America had already introduced itself as the Champion and a guardian of so called religious-cum-political parties of Muslim Countries. The USSR was also at its peak as a communist ( by inference anti-Islam) power. Therefore, religious parties of Pakistan became pro-America by default. America used this God-gifed opportunity to break USSR through Islamic Jehadists. Thousands of “Mujahideen” swarmed around American and Pakistani covert and overt operations. This unfortunate situation resulted in the disintegration of USSR. Our pro-American foreign policy could not be drastically shifted towards center because of artless handling of Geneva Accord held immediately after the fall of USSR. Our foreign Minister Zain Noorani signed the accord against General Zia’s wishes. America, as usual abandoned Afghanistan in disarray and without settlement between Afghanistan’s Mujahideen Leaders. This tendency of America was not new. America had followed same cheapjack policy in Korea, Vetnam and Nicaragoa.
Mujahideen turned into Warlords. Their infighting spilled towards Pakistan.
Religion had become another important component of our foreign policy. Zulfiqar Ali Bhuttu (Shaheed) sincerely tried to glue Muslim sovereign states through Islamic Conference in 1974 at Lahore. Bhuttu had played a great storke to give an independent direction to our foreign policy. Alas! Both the great sponsors of Islamic Conference were liquidated one by one. Americans had sponsored and closely watched and analysed PNA movement against Bhuttu who was still at the height of popularity. Power of religion was much more compelling than populist Bhuttu. America acquiesced with the undoing of Bhuttu and assiduous love for Islam of the people of Pakistan. Islam was to become a strong weapon in the hands of Amricans during Afghan War. The Mujahdeen were born who were abandoned high and dry after the fall of USSR and sudden dis-engagement of America with the leaders of Mujahideen who have now been branded as terrorists.
To conclude, the first brick of Pakistan’s foreign policy was placed at a wrong angle and till now we are a confused people unable to straighten up our relations with our neighbours, with World Super Power and even with so called brother Islamic Countries.
WHAT WENT WRONG WITH PAKISTAN ECONOMY
To a layman or an educated Pakistani the word “ECONOMY” denotes well being, prudent spending of resources and restraint on luxurious living without producing commensurate resources. The land of Pakistan is full of natures bounties. We have large mass of land having all the 4 climates available simultaneously hence rich in agriculture which is always the foundation of any economy of the world. Economy also deals in production of wealth. Land, Manpower / Labour, Capital and entrepreneurship are the 4 factors of the production of wealth. If we look at these 4 factors of wealth production, Pakistan seems to be self-sufficient.
But why is that our economy is in shambles. We are running the country on borrowed money, our agriculture performs miserably although our farm labour spills its sweat on each millimeter of the farm. The basic fault is poor entrepreneurship which we may also call bad governance of consecutive Governments. When Pakistan came into existence, we did not have any industry worth meaning except Dalmia Cement Factory Karachi, Satluj Textile Mills Lyallpur (now Faisalabad), J.B.Manga-Ram Biscuit Factory, Sukkur and Wah Ordinance Factory (In Public Sector). India withheld the share of Pakistan in cash and equipment, hence rendering new born Pakistan at the mercy of Allah. And, no doubt, Allah did help this nascent nation. The Korean war suddenly created demand for Pakistani Jute and Cotton. Dollar and Pound started pouring into the coffers of Pakistan. Pakrupee became a hard currency viz-a-viz Indian currency. By trading in commodities, a rich class of merchants grew who had enormous cash in its hand. There had to be some patriotic money manager to lead the mercantilist class towards a better source of earning more money, therefore more Banks emerged. General Mohammad Ayub Khan, the Dictator President of Pakistan had attracted good economic planners around him and he was doing a good job on Economic Front.
We may condemn General Ayub for political reasons but he was a pioneer of mass scale Industrialization of Pakistan. Pakistan’s first 5 years plan of 1955 had never taken off. It was Ayub’s regime in 1958 which completed the 5 years plan in three years. To induce the mercantile class towards industry, Pakistan Industrial Development Corporation (PIDC) was created. The PIDC went into heavy industry from public funds. Orient Airways was converted into magnificent PIA (which trained many airlines of neighbouring countries). The industry with value added products started exports. Industrial estates, large and small, were created at strategical points of East and West Pakistan. Although the rich were becoming more rich and the poor were becoming poorer, but this social cost of industrialization and prosperity has been paid by all developed countries of the world including Britian and Europe. Charles Dickens novels are a running commentary on the misery of the poor in 19th century Britain. Pakistan was no exception. However, one thing was clear that the neo-rich were expanding their industries from exorbitant and sometime questionable profits they earned through free-for-all wealth grabbing. Saigols, AdamJees, Fancys Dawoods, Habibs, the Chinot Group who were branded as Cotton and Textile King, were churning out factory over a factory. Despite miserable poverty in the masses at that time, one very good thing was happening. Our manpower was being trained on modern lines of industrialization and so were our midlevel managers who later on became great assets for Pakistan and for Mideast Countries.
It is interesting to note that industrialization grows on the basis of three I’s which are:
i)- IMITATION: All underdeveloped countries including Japan
(way-back in 19th century) copy or imitate products designed
and produced by highly industrialised countries. The classic example of imitation is Japan of pre-World War era and now China is the glorious example of imitation.
ii)- INNOVATION: When a country becomes perfect in imitating imported products, then it can add some improvement in the design so as it becomes more competitive with the original product. Japan, India and China have attained this position earlier.
iii)- INVENTION; When a country has mastered the production
of a product and has produced skilled labour and management
personal ,then that country is ready to invent and produce its own marketable products. At this stage these countries command technology.
During Ayub Khan regime, Pakistan had perfected the Imitation Stage. Rather we had entered into innovative stage specially in the field of commercial agriculture. Ayub Agriculture Research Institute gave us high quality rice, the king of the citrus fruits — the Kinnoo, the Banana and to top it all the Mango. By 1968, Pakistan was about to become the first Asian Tiger.
Alas! It could not happen. International manipulations to reverse Pakistan’s industrial progress, were on fast track from 1965 onward, 5 historical things happened.
a)- Thoughtless, ill planned and meaningless 1965 Indo-Pak War was MADE to happen.
b)- Emergence of Pakistan People Party as Champion of the poor and the underdog.
c)- Eventually separation of East Pakistan.
d)- Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto becoming Pakistan’s ruler.
e)- General Zial-ul-Haq usurping Bhutto’s Government
and introducing unreserched Islamic social and economic reforms.
Although ZAB was a sincere statesman with strong financial integrity, he had not done his home work for introducing socialism in our economic system. Mr.Bhutto did not have dedicated and trained cadres to run nationalised institutions which includes schools, rice shellers and oil expeller not to speak of large industries and banks. Mr.Bhutto did not have professionally skilled party workers. Pakistan People Party consisted of emotional JIALAS and opportunist landed gentry who has historically been the supporter of statusco.
Due to abrupt nationalization of banks, insurance and industry, the flight of capital came into existence. The great philosopher writer Carloyl says that capital has no Father Land, this is what happened with the capitalist class of Pakistan. Our industrialist and professionally trained money managers quit Pakistan. So called socio-economic reforms initiated by Dr.Mubashir Hassan created a big mess. The investment environment in Pakistan was no more attractive. Un-employment ensued. To provide artificial employment, thousands of people were given jobs in public sector without any economic justification. Pakistan Railway, WAPDA, PIA, Pakistan Steel Mill, became the largest employers of economically unwanted manpower. Hence all these organisations ran into loss. ZAB would have perhaps managed the sudden economic disarray, had he been allowed to live and rule the country. As we all know, General Zia couped against Mr.Bhutto and hanged him illegally. Pakistan lost a popular leader.
Under Bhutto’s rule, the Pakistani consumer of goods had not yet become a connoisseur of imported luxury goods. Pakistan was the first country in the sub-continent under Z,.A.Bhutto which made black and white TV. But with the advent of General Zia, Pakistani skilled and un-skilled labour sought jobs in Saudi Arabia, UAE, Qatar and other oil producing countries. Foreign exchange started flowing to Pakistan. Although billions of dollars were repatriated to Pakistan but they were not gainfully used for the economic development of the country. With the passage of time the expatriate community became addicted to foreign made consumer goods. General Zia’s bad custom policy allowed overseas Pakistanis to import luxury items, refrigerators, cosmetics, electronic appliances, motor cars and highly sophisticated building materials. Since the protective custom tariff was not very high, therefore, all the large markets of Lahore, Karachi Rawalpindi and Islamabad were full of imported items. Several BARA markets emerged even in smaller towns. The nascent TV Industry of Pakistan died unceremoniously. Pakistan had made its own first refrigerator named ‘SHEHAB’. It had went out of market because of Japanese appliances brought by overseas workers whose personal baggage used to be left unchecked by custom personnel at the airports. Pakistani Industry, which was the major employer of labour, ceased to be operational. The Pakistani capitalist, who was investing in industry very reluctantly during ZAB rule, metamorphed into a trader.
By the time General Zia made up his mind to denationalize small and heavy industry, the domestic and international scene had much changed. Pakistan had been MADE to plunge into Afghan War. The Tigers of South-east Asia had grown powerful to give tough time to Pakistan’s industrialization. WTO was in the offing. General Zia’s confused perception of Islam was confounding the banking and insurance sector.
As things stand now, our strong economic base, which was founded by Gen. Auyb Khan, started crumbling under the weight of senseless nationalization, taking over private schools and drastic devaluation of PakRupee in 1972. Post ZAB period is full of incompetent economic managers of the country. The period after Gen. Zia was infested with political musical chair, sectarian wars, and then came October 1999. Enters Gen Pervaiz Musharraf surrounded by psychophants and very shallow Economic Managers in the shape of Shaukat Aziz. Not a single solid step was taken by Musharraf to solve power generation problem which could not be solved by quarreling political parties. During Musharraf period, artificial economic growth was the result of free import of Cell phones, easy import of luxury cars, unplanned import/manufacturing of Electrical appliances(hence making more power shortage) and questionable privatization process.
By now ,we are facing terrible power shortage and water shortage which run industry and agriculture. Perpetual energy shortage and scarce water supply is going to be the cause of Food shortage. This will be dangerous. Allah forbids.
Intermetant food shortages become harbinger of bloody revolutions which bring more chaos and misery. Do we have by now a good watchman of our Economy???
PLEASE WAIT FOR FURTHER POSTS
My dear Jeddy,
Our friend Anis Ahmad has forwarded this article of Zafar Hilaly, a veteran Diplomat and Ambassador of Pakistan to many countries. Pl put it on your blog specially for those who see all green in Pakistan.
An irreversible trend
Is Prime Minister Gilani now all-powerful, he asks. Yes, in theory, but not in fact, is the true answer. Is President Zardari only a figurehead? Yes, but actually no. Is the judiciary now truly independent? Yes, but seldom has it been accused of greater bias. Is the media finally free? Yes, but never as irresponsible.
Pakistanis are finally coming to grips with the real enemy — ourselves. None has caused us greater harm. Arrogance and contempt cost us half the country and, utterly unspoiled by failure, we are well on our way to ensuring that wilful ignorance, vanity, intolerance and obstinacy will lose us the rest. How we became our own worst enemy requires not a thousand words, to which one is confined, but a thousand pages. But what is the point? Many will read them, like they read history, but only in order to learn how to repeat the same calamities all over again.
Out of the crooked timber of our society no straight thing can ever emerge. Consider, for example, the convoluted constitution. How more confusing can it appear to the common man? Is Prime Minister Gilani now all-powerful, he asks. Yes, in theory, but not in fact, is the true answer. Is President Zardari only a figurehead? Yes, but actually no. Is the judiciary now truly independent? Yes, but seldom has it been accused of greater bias. Is the media finally free? Yes, but never as irresponsible. By which time the common man, one imagines, is neither interested in understanding nor supporting a system that has caused so much confusion and wasted so much valuable time.
Of course, now and then he can get straight, unqualified responses. Have politicians and bureaucrats learnt their lessons about serving the people and not lying, cheating or looting? No. Do Pakistanis now believe that they must pay their taxes? No. Do murderers continue to roam free because some lower court judges are scared to convict them? Yes. Can judgement precede a trial? Yes. (As demonstrated by the FIA report, which squarely lays the blame for Benazir Bhutto’s murder on five of Baitullah Mehsud’s hit-men and a couple of absconders, some of whom, according to a journalist, were already in custody prior to her assassination). Surely, by now any lingering hope or interest that the common man may have left about the system should have evaporated.
Removing these flaws, now deeply entrenched, and making sense of governance is well nigh impossible in the absence of leadership. And it is not that we do not have self-styled, self-appointed and elected leaders. We have many. The problem is that in troubled societies such as ours, the rot starts at the top and works its way down. All our Caesars contain in their very person the national decay. They mirror the malaise that afflicts society. Hence, they can only spread the contagion and not curb it, as time has shown.
Consider Benazir Bhutto. She entered into negotiations to share power with those who she identified as responsible for her murder. The fact that she negotiated with those who could as easily murder her as conclude an agreement did not seem to bother her or anyone else. What can better illustrate the ‘anything goes’ society that we have become?
Consider further a report in a national daily of June 1, which quotes the president as having sent a strong message to the (intelligence) quarters concerned saying, “Confront (me) out in the open instead of picking on my friends.” The president was responding to the abduction of a friend by unknown men on the busiest road in the busiest city of this land. If true (and no denial has been issued), it beggars the imagination that such a challenge can issue from a supreme commander to his own troops. One result has been the feeling that this government is now terminally dysfunctional and the other that ours is less a state than a criminal enterprise.
To right the mess, mere tinkering with the current value system, a reordering of priorities, a tack here and a stitch there and slight adjustments to our present way of life, living and governance accompanied by dollops of patience will not do. From the evolutionary point of view, the system has stopped moving. About the only thing happening are ingenious tricks to reconcile the irreconcilable and to explore new ways of increasing efficiency to loot. Frankly, we have reached the end of our tether.
Already, the privileged and the people form two nations within Pakistan. The former fattened on commissions, kickbacks, plots, licences, jobs, sinecures, access, postings, travel, upgrades, front seats, etc and, uniquely in Pakistan, of never to be repaid bank loans. The other live on the hope that God cannot be mocked forever and that the people will at last come into their own.
Or, perhaps, that if we hold firm to the present system, repeated elections will wash away the flotsam that dictatorships invariably throw up and that, given time, Pakistan will emerge stronger for the experience. However, it is time what we do not seem to have. A handful of wars and operations loom on the horizon. The economy is barely above water. Without emergency foreign assistance it would be in a free fall. Inflation has steadied but at an unaffordable 13 percent and joblessness is rife. Besides, the nation’s unity is fraying.
Clearly, we have to do something we have not done before in terms of civil-military relations and of bringing the mainstream parties and the military on the same platform in some creative, innovative way. And to fashion a government that will work with reasonable competence and sensitivity in order to save this nation from itself. Or else we will create a situation so desperate that the people will clamour for yet another military takeover.
With the way things are going, we stand to lose everything, perhaps even our existence as a nation. Thus far we have been our own worst enemy and perhaps the time has come to get the best out of those on whom we must depend and who, in the final analysis, will determine our fate, and this lot happen to be ourselves.
The writer is a former ambassador. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org
COOPERATIVE MOVEMENT IS ALSO A BUSINESS
The International Cooperative Alliance (THE ICA) defines a cooperative as an association of persons who unite to achieve their common Socio-Economic and Cultural needs and aspirations through jointly controlled business enterprises. While the spirit of cooperative movement remains basically the same but it has altered with the passage of time.
Cooperative movement is faced with many challenges which mean cooperative rules governing cooperative societies will also face these challenges. . Globalization, information, fast communication, liberalization, deregulations and restructuring of national policy are vital agents of the change. The custodian of cooperative movement is Cooperative Department who has not yet responded to the global changes. For them, cooperative enterprises are conventional cooperative societies which were created in the past and are still established under the outdated cooperative Act 1925 (Partially revised in 2006). In other parts of the World, Cooperative enterprises are enormously contributing to economic well being of the people by providing jobs, by pooling their human resource and capital coupled with the expertise which the leaders of a cooperative society possess. The political lethargy and indifference towards development of cooperative movement is the main reason of poor growth of mega-cooperatives just as India has in the shape of IFFCO (Fertilizer Cooperative) and AMUL (dairy cooperative). The apathy of cooperative officials is also attributed to the political rulers who do not attach any priority to cooperative reforms.
Let us see in which areas of economic activities, the cooperative concept can be applied successfully and gainfully.
1)- Doctors’ Cooperatives: Health is our major concern. Qualified doctors are being churned out by public and private medical universities in thousands but they are unable to get proper jobs. The idea of Basic Health Unit (BHU) in rural areas has not given the required results although the doctor incharge of BHU is relatively better paid. The problem of a rural doctor is that he does not get the opportunities of improving his medical skills and expertise because he is cut off from the source wherefrom he may know new break throughs in medical science. With little initiative of the Cooperative Department, young doctors can form cooperative hospitals in rural areas with the financial help of cooperative and commercial banks. The cooperative hospitals will not only have doctors as members, but also nursing and paramedical staff will be the members of the cooperative hospitals. We, however, doubt this kind of cooperative hospitals may not come up because of out-dated cooperative rules and inert cooperative department whose perception of cooperative movement is not empirical for the last 3 quarter century. Cooperative hospitals are best suited for rural areas. These hospitals must not only be complete in medical and surgical facilities, but they must also provide social infra-structure to the members such as housing, markets, schooling and recreation for the children of doctors and other staff members. The patients will have to become life member of the cooperative hospital but without any right to interfere in the management of the hospital. The life membership for patients can be Rs.10,000/- for a family of 7 persons. Life membership will allow free consultancy and annual check up of entire family. Medicines will be supplied by the hospital on reasonably discounted prices. The Provincial Government may subsidize deserving patients by issuing them HEALTH COUPONS. These coupons will be a kind of Government subsidy to the poor patients. The cost of a 50 bed hospital with all the essential equipment for gynecology, maternity, general and orthopedic surgery, outdoor and indoor patients facilities including cost of social infra-structure (housing, schools, mosque, single staff messing, club and a standby generator) will be somewhat Rs.200 millions
If the land is donated or sold on subsidized rates, the concept of COOPERATIVE HOSPITALS can take solid shape. Punjab Health Foundation can partially finance the cooperative hospitals. A well equipped hospital can conveniently repay the borrowed funds.
.2)- COOPERATIVE FOOD CENTERS: By selling ROTI for Rs.2/- and by making several charity DASTAR – KHWANS, the problem of perennial hunger will not be eliminated. Rather, un-wittingly we are creating corps of baggers, Fakirs and social parasites. The same free lunch or dinners can be organized on cooperative basis. Make large Food Cooperative Centers in all such areas where poverty prevails whether it is Urban slum or Rural ghettos.
There exists a Pakistan Multipurpose Cooperative Society which can operate on all Punjab basis. The writer of this article knows several NGO’s who may Contribute towards COOPERATIVE FOOD CENTERS where at a time 4 – 5 hundred persons can be given simple breakfast, lunch and dinner. What will be needed is to enroll all the beneficiaries of Food Cooperatives as a member. The lifetime membership will be Rs.500/- per beneficiary and each meal will cost Rs.5/- per person. The space will be provided by the state only for feeding purpose and on temporary basis. It could be school/college/ hospitals open. Spaces in rural and urban areas. The Multiple Cooperative Society will issue ID cards to diners. The society will meet the deficit budget with the help of NGO’s.
What we will need from the government is wheat flour and coarse rice on subsidized rates. Since the entire operation will be executed by an Institution of Cooperators, it will be open for audit and quality monitoring as well. This welfare activity will also not have political connotations
3)- Cooperative Schools: Educated and qualified women and men in rural areas can make well equipped and Modern Schools by creating cooperative Educational Societies. The associate membership of these educational societies should be open for the parents of the students. But again, the parent members will not interfere in the operations and management of the schools. The parents members of the educational cooperative societies shall share the profits accruing from the schools according to the amount of their share contribution.
To introduce revolutionary concepts in the cooperative movement, there will be need of liberalizing and de-regulating the fossilized cooperative rules.
The article is informational and educative for anyone who would like to know more about the self-help philosophy of the co-op movement. Feel free to write your comments, questions or advice requests in the facility offered below the article.
Mr. Manzoor Ahmad is Lahore’s foremost authority and activist in the co-operative movement. He is also active internationally in the movement through his membership of The International Cooperative Alliance (ICA). If you are interested in knowing more about ICA, please click on the following link
Mr. Ahmad has made significant contributions in Lahore’s urban housing sector. Amongst his contributions are founding and development of major housing projects through the co-operative movement. These projects include the following important satellite townships in suburban Lahore:
He is also a major contributor in Lahore’s social welfare work, especially in education and literacy projects. Please visit his MOVEMENT FOR HUMAN DEVELOPMENT website at
His other articles on political and economic affairs of Pakistan are printed earlier on this page.